Bagan located in the central Burma is one of the largest archaeological sites in the world. With 26 square miles of plains, Bagan is partly covered with palms, caught by the Irrawaddy River and surrounded by distant mountains.
Bagan is famous for the expansion of sacred geography as well as the number and dimension of the ancient monuments. The ruins of Bagan have an area of 16 square miles. Most of its buildings were built a long time ago, since Bagan was the capital of Burma dynasty. Bagan is also the first place turning into a center of religion and culture by Theravada Buddhism brought to the land. Bagan is full of olden architecture, mural arts, and precious stone inscriptions for tourists to contemplate. These are also the landmarks with ancient religious sites that we hardly can see nowadays. For that reason, Bagan is noticed as a cultural heritage of the people in Burma, and also an important milestone of Asia that corresponds to the exceptional achievements of Theravada Buddhism.
The main center with most of the hotel options, restaurant, and means of transportation is the Nyaung - U. Two miles to the west is a small village where residents were forced to move in since 1990. A handful of popular temples get many coach tours and become fairly busy. Nevertheless, it is easy to have a bike, taxi or horse to travel to the sites. Come to the central plains to see yourself dozen of temples full of frescoes and Buddha statues, or you can climb up to see the quiet sunrise or sunset.
One of images in Bagan that can leave a lasting impression to every traveler is the fringed horizon, sports tower that looks ramshackle yet studded gold glitter, common pair of stone lions flanking the door of temples, etc. For an overview of Bagan, tourists can take a balloon ride at sunrise. Touring around can really emphasize the “sense of abandoned” in Bagan. The major streets are simply passable and quite pleasant to have a leisure walk.
The pagodas and temples with more than 1500 years of history are the most captivating places for any visitors. You also can enjoy a tranquil Boat trip on the Ayeyarwaddy River to watch the beautiful sunset while having a cold drink.