Situated in the Xieng Khuang Plateau, northeast of the Vientiane capital, Xieng Khuang province offers magnificent beautiful landscape with high steep mountains, rugged karst formations and green hills.
Xieng Khuang has a large mountainous topography and is an area of strategic trading and military importance. Its capital, Phonsavan, consists of a collection of archeological riches and is home of the mysterious Plain of Jars which attracts thousands of tourists each year. The foundation of the Plain of Jars remains unrevealed up to now with abundant myths, legends and theories. There are over 500 jars spread over 3 sites and varying in size from 1 – 3.5 metres in height, in which the three most popular ones to visit are Site 1, 2 and 3 because of their safety. These Jars are thought to have been carved from both sandstone and granite around 2,000 years ago, and it has been proposed for listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Monument. The area has also been home to conflicts between the country and neighbors and by 1964 the North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao had constructed vast tunnels under the Plain of Jars, as part of the Ho Chi Minh trail. The mountainous areas surrounding are also home to several ethnic minorities, including the Thai Dam, Phuan and H’mong-the largest minority group in the area. Any person who visits the Plain of Jars has a serene inspiration. The ritual burial jars with their minimalistic Iron Age aesthetics are an ever-present part of the landscape and the only remaining witnesses of a vanished civilization.
Besides, Xieng Khuang province is also well-known for its Mulberries Organic Silk Farm, in which the fine traditional Laotian silk dates back for centuries. Mulberries Organic Silk Farm was established to promote silk production and income to families while preserving the vanishing art of Laotian weaving. Visitors coming here can pay a visit to Mulberries gift shop which offers beautiful plain silk scarves with rich colours, patterned throws and cushion covers and fabrics by the metre. In the village of Ban Napia near Phonsavan, tourists can visit and understand the process of making spoons which are made from scrap metal of UXO, or buy them as souvenirs. Tourists also pay a visit to many temples and stupas as War Memorials, Muang Khoun, Muang Khan Cemetery, That Foun, Muang Sui, Tham Pa, or the surrounding mountains in Xieng Khuang which are breathtakingly beautiful, untouched and home of some tribes of native people with their colourful traditional dress and simple lifestyle.